Explained

Why do women do better than men at school, yet worse in the labour market?

| 12 October 2021 | 10 minutes
Why do women study for longer than men? And why are they more affected by unemployment and job insecurity, despite having higher qualification levels? To answer these questions, inkyfada delved into studies on inequalities at school and in the work field, and interviewed two sociologists who specialise in these matters.

How can military courts judge civilians?

| 28 September 2021 | 5 minutes
Yassine Ayari, Seifeddine Makhlouf, Nidhal Saoudi: in recent months, these three MPs (whose work is currently suspended) have faced military justice. Why were these men referred to the military courts? Between constitutional loopholes and an aborted bill, inkyfada sought to find out how and why the Tunisian military courts are still able to judge and convict civilians.

The Al Jazeera Shutdown: Unclear Motives and Denied Responsability

| 06 August 2021 | 7 minutes
On July 26, 2021, the police closed down the premises of the Qatari broadcaster Al Jazeera in Tunis, the very day after President Kaïs Saïed announced that he would apply Article 80 of the Constitution. The journalists as well as others considered to be employees are thus prevented from doing their work. Given the ambiguity of the Presidency and the Ministry of the Interior, the source of this decision remains unclear.  

Without a Constitutional Court, "We Have No Defence Against Authoritarianism"

| 29 July 2021 | 7 minutes
On July 25, 2021, President Kaïs Saied applied Article 80 of the Constitution to declare a state of emergency. If the decision is referred to the Constitutional Court, it is the only authority that can rule on whether or not to maintain such a situation. However, this authority, which is intended to mediate institutional conflicts, has yet to see the light of day. 

How did Kaïs Saied apply Article 80? Comparing the legal text to his speech

| 29 July 2021 | 5 minutes
On the evening of July 25, Kaïs Saied announced the enforcement of Article 80 of the Constitution - an article that, for example, allows for a state of emergency to be declared in the event of an "imminent threat". Inkyfada compared the legal text to the speech of the President of the Republic.

Episode 1: How was the list conceived?

| 25 June 2021 | 7 minutes
After 10 years in the making, the official list of martyrs and wounded of the Revolution was finally published in the State Journal on March 19, 2021. In it, the State recognised 129 martyrs and 634 wounded. Who was responsible for creating this list? How was it conceived? What does it include? In the first episode of this series, Inkyfada aims to clarify these questions and uncover the background of this list that strikes the very heart of the Tunisian collective memory.
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