The returnees who cannot return

Should Tunisian ex-combatants of the Islamic State be repatriated in order to be judged? This is a divisive issue in Tunisia. Given the differing estimates, it would be tricky to try to present an exact number of potential returnees, thus the National Security Council has decided that for the time being, only a few individuals will be repatriated. However, the challenge remains in the inability to guarantee a fair trial.
28 April 2021
docusonores [{"user_id":"1448","role":"Illustration"},{"user_id":"1429","role":"Audio recording"},{"user_id":"1473","role":"Sound Design and Mixing"},{"user_id":"1454","role":"Interviews and Voice-Over"},{"role":"Music","user_id":"1517"},{"user_id":"1303","role":"Voice-Over"},{"role":"Doubling","user_id":"1440"}] https://inkyfada.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/Podcast-Webdoc-Chapitre-3-rectified.mp3 https://inkyfada.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/Webdoc-chapitre-3-revenantes-ne-reviennent-pas-ar.srt https://inkyfada.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/webdoc-chapitre-3-srt-FR.srt Le dilemme de la justice antiterroriste | Épisode 3: Des revenant·es qui ne reviennent pas - معضلة قضاء مكافحة الإرهاب في تونس | الحلقة 3: في العَودة و اللّارُجوع Épisode 3: Des revenant·es qui ne reviennent pas - الحلقة 3: في العَودة و اللّارُجوع Faut-il rapatrier massivement les ex-combattant·es tunisien·nes de l’État islamique pour les juger ? Cette question divise en Tunisie : pour beaucoup, il n’en est pas question. Alors qu’il serait hasardeux aujourd’hui d’avancer le nombre exact de revenant·es potentiel·les, le Conseil national de Sécurité a tranché : pour l’instant, seul·es quelques-un·es pourront revenir. Mais du côté de la justice, se pose le problème de la garantie de procès équitables. هل يجب إرجاع المقاتلين·ـات التونسيين·ـات السابقين·ات أعضاء تنظيم الدولة الإسلامية بأعداد غفيرة بغرض محاكمتهم·ـنّ؟ في تونس، ليس هنالك  إجماع حول هذه المسألة : بالنسبة للكثيرين·ـات، لا سبيل إلى ذلك. وفي حين أنه لا يمكن حاليا الجزم بعدد العائدين·ـات المحتملين·ـات بشكل دقيق نظرا إلى تغيّر التقديرات، فقد حسم مجلس الأمن القومي الأمر: لن يتمكّن سوى عدد ضئيل منهم·ـنّ من العودة حاليا. غير أن معضلة ضمان محاكمات عادلة تبقى قائمة من المنظور القضائي. 50912
Created by
Christophe Cotteret
Audio recording
Bochra Triki
Sound Design and Mixing
Oussema Gaidi
Interviews and Voice-Over
Christophe Cotteret
Omar Aloulou
Monia Ben Hamadi
Maher Dhahbi

In March 2019, Daesh lost the last territories controlled by the Islamic State. Following the military defeat, an army of fighters, men, women and children are potential sources of valuable intelligence. 

However, information is sorely lacking to be able to identify these people and the role they played in the jihad, and ultimately to allow them to be prosecuted by their respective countries of origin.

How can they be brought to justice under these conditions? Where, and by whom? How can human rights be reconciled with international conventions and national security?

" If a person wants to return, they have every right to do so. No police, judicial or security authority can deny them this right."

In the third chapter, Christophe Cotteret attempts to shed light on these complex issues by giving the floor to the judges and lawyers who specialise in anti-terrorism cases.

They all express their views on the issues surrounding the potential return of Tunisians from conflict zones, and the conditions under which trials are held in the Tunisian judicial system.

The Dilemma of The Antiterrorist Justice System

This audio documentary in five chapters is an unprecedented dive into the workings of the Tunisian antiterrorist justice. As an extention of the documentary "Daech, the dilemma of justice", it compiles more than two years of investigations and interviews in an attempt to shed light on the issues facing the antiterrorism system in Tunisia.

Latest episodes

Torture and detention: A Radicalisation Machine

Those accused of terrorism are often given ‘preferential treatment’, a.k.a. brutal arrests, torture, systematic incarceration in degrading conditions regardless of the severity of the offence, etc. When they are subsequently thrown into prison without being distinguished from ordinary prisoners, a radicalisation machine is set in motion inside the prison cells.

The Origins of the Disaster

Following the two terrorist attacks in 2002 and 2007, the propagated image of terrorism not being native to Tunisia was shattered. In 2011, a general amnesty for all political prisoners further contributed to the already fragile security situation. Between political negligence and tightened security, the handling of terrorism-related cases in Tunisia over the past two decades provides necessary insight for understanding the precarious situation today.

The Inner Workings of the Tunis Courthouse

Inside courtroom No. 6, the defendants respectively appeared before the judges and lawyers, as their families anxiously looked on. It was here that the hearings, condemning hundreds of suspects for being directly or indirectly linked to terrorism, were endlessly held. These young people embodied the consequences of the painful debate concerning the Tunisian justice system, security institutions, and public opinion.


Inkyfada Podcast is the first platform entirely dedicated to original Tunisian podcasts, and was conceived by Inkyfada media in collaboration with the in-house research and development laboratory, InkyLab.
Inkyfada joined the global podcast boom in 2017, when the team produced the first Tunisian audio documentary, diving deep into the belly of the El Kamour struggle taking place in the desert.
Since then, Inkyfada Podcast has produced a wide variety of documentaries, investigations, and podcast series, as well as articles accompanied by music; covering a multitude of contemporary issues in order to offer an immersive and alternative podcast experience.
Whilst exclusively offering audio content, the Inkyfada Podcast team upholds the same core values and principles of inkyfada.com, and is committed to producing high quality content though a dynamic and meticulous production process.
In addition to the permanent team, Inkyfada podcast works closely with various journalists, artists, illustrators, musicians and other content creators in order to diversify the platform and support artistic creativity.
These podcasts differ from traditional radiophonic content in that the applied production and editing process is more akin to cinematographic techniques, in addition to being web-based, downloadable and accessible on demand.
Additionally, Inkyfada Podcast uniquely offers subtitles in French, Arabic and English for all audio content, the majority of which is recorded in Tunisian or in the preferred language of the speaker in question.

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