Kairouan: From the Qarn Mountain to the Plain of Gamonia

Why did Amr Ibn Al-As take the side of Muawia Ibn Abi Sufyan during the Great Discord ? Who is Muwayia Ibn Hodeyj and why does the commentator Ibn Abd Al-Hakam minimize his role in the conquest of Ifriqiya ? Was there a Kairouan before that of Oqba Ibn Nafaa ? Is it true that the site of the current Kairouan was uninhabited before the arrival of the Arabs ?
11 April 2023
series [{"user_id":"1473","role":"Mixing & Sound Design"},{"user_id":"2571","role":"Illustration"},{"user_id":"1540","role":"Production"}] https://inkyfada.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/04/Podcast-Ifriqiya-E3-Kairouan-Dal-Qarn-a-Gamonia-1.mp3 Ifriqiya à l’époque de transition | Épisode 3 : Kairouan : D’al-Qarn à Gamonia - إفريقية في العصر الانتقالي | الحلقة 3 : القيروان : من جبل القرن إلى سهل قمونية Épisode 3 : Kairouan : D’al-Qarn à Gamonia - الحلقة 3 : القيروان : من جبل القرن إلى سهل قمونية
Pourquoi Amr Ibn Al-As a-t-il pris parti pour Muawia Ibn Abi Sufyan lors de la Grande Discorde ? Qui est Muwayia Ibn Hodeyj et pourquoi le chroniqueur Ibn Abd Al-Hakam minimise-t-il son rôle dans la conquête d’Ifriqiya ? Y a-t-il eu un Kairouan avant celui d’Oqba Ibn Nafaa ? Est-il vrai que le site du Kairouan actuel était inhabité avant la venue des Arabes ?
لماذا وقف عمرو بن العاص في صف معاوية بن أبي سفيان أثناء الفتنة الكبرى؟ من هو معاوية بن حُديج الذي همّش المؤرخُ ابن عبد الحكم دورَه في فتح إفريقية؟ هل كان هناك قيروان آخر سبق القيروانَ الذي أسسه عقبة؟ وهل كان موقع القيروان الحالي مأهولا قبل قدوم العرب؟
Created by
Ghassen Amami
Mixing & Sound Design
Oussema Gaidi
Xeima Mateu
Rym Amami

The Great Discord and the early reign of the Umayyad Caliph Muawiya I diverted the Arabs of Ifriqiya for more than a decade. However, it was the exarch of Carthage, Gennadios, who was chased out by the troops of the Byzantine emperor, who would seek the help of Muawiya to regain his power in Africa.

The Caliph then sent an army under the command of Muawyia Ibn Hodeyj, a veteran of the Egyptian conquest who was loyal to him. In 45 AH, he established a military base named Kairouan on the flank of the Baten Al-Qarn mountain, managed to repel the imperial Byzantine fleet at Sousse and conquered several strongholds in Byzacene, including that of Cellulis (Ain Jloula), further north (Bizerte, Cap Bon) and south (Djerba).

During these battles, two military leaders would stand out who, much later, would dispute the Caliphate in the East during a bloody civil war: Abd Al-Malik Ibn Marwan and Abdallah Ibn Zoubeyr. Five years later, Caliph Muawiya I rearranged his pawns on the chessboard of his caliphate to ensure the succession of his son. He thus appointed Ibn Hodeyj as governor of Egypt and sent Oqba to Ifriqiya. Oqba Ibn Nafaa took advantage of this to establish a military city modeled after Basra, Kufa, and Fustat. Built in Gamonia in 50 AH/670 CE, in a plain not far from the abandoned Kairouan of Ibn Hodeyj, this city, which became holy several centuries later, did not escape the tradition of founding myths.

We are pleased to have as our guests, Mr. Fathi Bahri, historian and archaeologist specializing in the Middle Ages, former director general of the INP, Mr. Mohamed Ben Abbes, historian specializing in Late Antiquity and Early Middle Ages, Mr. Mohamed Hasan, historian specializing in the Middle Ages, and Mr. Faouzi Mahfoudh, archaeologist and historian specializing in Islamic art and architecture and former General Director of the INP (National Heritage Institute).

*The podcast director extends his sincere thanks to the honorable professors Adnan El Ghali and Nouri Boukhchim.

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Ifriqiya in Transition

"Ifriqiya in Transition" is a podcast that takes you on a journey through one of the most unique periods in history. It covers the province of Roman and Byzantine Africa, which later became known as Ifriqiya to the Arabs. The podcast explores the indigenous Berber peoples and their long history of assimilating different languages and religions. It also covers the arrival of the Arabs, who faced decades of war before they could establish themselves. Six distinguished Tunisian academics, historians and archaeologists, had the great kindness to join us on this journey through time.

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