Part I : The issue of written sources

When we talk about the beginnings of Islam and the Arab conquests, this question inevitably arises: To what extent can we rely on Arab historical sources written at least two centuries after the events? What about non-Arab and non-Islamic sources? How did the archives of the first two centuries of the Hijra disappear? How do historians determine what really happened when the stories they have are biased towards one side?
07 April 2023
series [{"user_id":"1473","role":"Mixing & Sound Design"},{"user_id":"2571","role":"Illustration"},{"user_id":"1540","role":"Production"}] https://inkyfada.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/04/Podcast-Ifriqiya-E2.1-problematique-des-sources-ecrites.mp3 Ifriqiya à l’époque de transition | Épisode 2 partie 1 : La problématique des sources écrites - إفريقية في العصر الانتقالي | الحلقة2 الجزء1: إشكالية المصادر المكتوبة Épisode 2 partie 1: La problématique des sources écrites - الحلقة 2 الجزء 1 : إشكالية المصادر المكتوبة
Quand nous évoquons les débuts de l’Islam et des conquêtes arabes, cette question se pose inévitablement : A quel point peut-on se fier aux sources historiques arabes écrites au moins deux siècles après les faits ? Qu’en-est-il des sources non-arabes et non-islamiques ? Comment les archives des deux premiers siècles de l’Hégire auraient-elles disparu ? Comment s’y prennent les historien.ne.s pour démêler le vraisemblable du récit exagérément favorable ou défavorable à ses protagonistes ?

عندما نتعرض إلى نشأة الإسلام وفتوحات العرب يخامرنا سؤال لا مفر منه: إلى أي مدى يمكننا أن نستوثق المصادر التاريخية العربية المكتوبة بعد قرنين على الأقل من وقوع الأحداث ؟ وماذا عن المصادر غير العربية وغير الإسلامية ؟ ثم كيف اختفت وثائق أرشيف القرنيْن الأوّلين بعد الهجرة ؟ وكيف يميز المؤرخون والمؤرخات بين الغث والسمين في رواياتٍ عادة ما تغالي في مدح أو هجاء أبطال وقائعها ؟
Created by
Ghassen Amami
Mixing & Sound Design
Oussema Gaidi
Xeima Mateu
Rym Amami

In this first part of episode 2, our guests, prominent academic historians, will discuss the issue of written sources that inform us about the events of the 7th and 8th centuries, particularly the early Arab conquests and the beginnings of Islam.

The oldest of these writings date back to the 9th century, and new historical details only appear several centuries later in the books of later historians. They are often influenced by tribal affinities or partisan preferences.

From Ibn Khayyat and Ibn Abdelhakam to Ibn Khaldoun, Al-Tamimi, Al-Bakri and Ibn Idhari, we will become familiar with authors who will appear in our following episodes through their texts. We will discover the arduous task assigned to the historian who must decipher manuscripts, comment on them, compare them, confront the sources, and draw from them the most credible and closest account of what happened. *

Today we are pleased to have as our guests Ms. Hayet Amamou, (medieval historian specializing in Early Islam), Mr. Fathi Bahri, historian and archaeologist specializing in the Middle Ages, former director general of the INP, Mr. Mohamed Ben Abbes, historian specializing in Late Antiquity and Early Middle Ages, Mr. Mohamed Hasan, historian specializing in the Middle Ages, and Mr. Faouzi Mahfoudh, archaeologist and historian specializing in Islamic art and architecture and former General Director of the INP (National Heritage Institute).

*The podcast director extends his sincere thanks to the honorable professors Adnan El Ghali and Nouri Boukhchim.  

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Ifriqiya in Transition

"Ifriqiya in Transition" is a podcast that takes you on a journey through one of the most unique periods in history. It covers the province of Roman and Byzantine Africa, which later became known as Ifriqiya to the Arabs. The podcast explores the indigenous Berber peoples and their long history of assimilating different languages and religions. It also covers the arrival of the Arabs, who faced decades of war before they could establish themselves. Six distinguished Tunisian academics, historians and archaeologists, had the great kindness to join us on this journey through time.

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